Hyperpigmentation: How It Occurs & Ways To Deal With It

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Hyperpigmentation is the condition in which patches of skin begin to appear somewhat darker and duller in than the usual or surrounding skin. Luckily, treatment for hyperpigmentation is widely available and accessible. Before we discuss the removal procedure itself, let’s talk about hyperpigmentation in brief.

When the skin generates a large amount of melanin in certain areas of the skin, it forms deposits that appear as dark patches on the face and body. First of all, hyperpigmentation isn’t a serious skin issue. In fact, it’s fairly common and can happen to people of any skin type. However, given that it affects the physical appearance quite a bit, a majority of people consider getting it removed. While some types of hyperpigmentation may affect the skin area that is most exposed to the sun rays, others may simply cause skin inflammation or burns that can be formed anywhere on the body or face. Fortunately, pigmentation removal treatment is available for getting rid of this skin condition. Let’s discuss the most common and effective treatment options.

  • Skin lightening creams

This is the most common remedy for minor hyperpigmentation issues. Skin lightening creams should be applied to the affected area twice or thrice a day to lighten up the dark patches. These creams are composed of licorice extract, hydroquinone, Vitamin B3, and other essential chemicals that can bring your skin back to its normal color. However, skin lightening creams only work for age spots and Melasma. It’s also important to note that it may take up to weeks or even months for noticeable effects. If you want quick results, topical, over-the-counter skin-lightening solutions may not be the ideal treatment option.

  • Laser therapy

Laser therapy is one of the popular treatment options for freckles, melisma and hyperpigmentation. It comes with minimal side-effects and offers effective and quick results. In laser therapy, high-intensity light beams are used to peel the affected layers of your skin. This therapy promotes the growth of fresh skin cells.

The Pico laser for face, in particular, is highly in demand due to its ultra-short pulse duration and high power that breaks down and clears up pigmentation much faster as compared to the conventional picosecond laser.

Unfortunately, laser removal is not a perfect solution for all skin types. Ablative laser is advisable for patients with a fair skin tone. You must consult a dermatologist to find out which option suits your skin condition best.

  • Retinoids

Retinoid, a topical drug rich in Vitamin A, is the most common skincare ingredient. Retinoids are able to make their way into the deeper layers of the skin to treat pigmentation. Available in prescription and OTC form, it is one of the safest formulas that works on almost all skin types. However, it works slowly. It can take your skin days or even weeks to get lighter and match the color of the surrounding skin. It is worth noting that Retinoids are specially used for treating wrinkles rather than hyperpigmentation. It may relieve your skin from patches for some time, but there is no certainty of whether or not this treatment option will get rid of hyperpigmentation permanently. Hence, you must talk to your dermatologist first.

  • Chemical peels

As the name suggests, this formula involves the chemical peeling of the affected layer on the skin. Specifically, it eliminates epidermis and control hyperpigmentation. As a result, you end up with new and rejuvenating skin. However, the chemical peel can come with certain reactions. It is a strong solution that offers near instant results. Still, it’s better to go to your dermatologist for his or her professional opinion before getting it done.


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