Melasma Vs. Hyperpigmentation: Differences To Be Aware Of

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Hyperpigmentation is a relatively common skin condition that causes skin darkening and discoloration. It can arise due to multiple factors such as excessive skin exposure to the sun, tanning, inflammation, or skin infection. Today, almost everyone is familiar with hyperpigmentation, but few are aware of Melasma, a more specific type of hyperpigmentation.

Studies suggest that more than 5 million Americans suffer from Melasma every year. Though this condition can affect both men and women, women are likelier to develop this specific type of hyperpigmentation. Melasma is somewhat similar to Hyperpigmentation i.e.; it causes skin discoloration. However, this condition worsens when you expose the affected skin to the UV rays. Let’s discuss both conditions in brief.

Hyperpigmentation is a broader term

No matter what causes your skin to darken, any type of discoloration falls in the category of hyperpigmentation. This can include scarring, freckles, sun spots, tanning, or skin discoloration caused by eczema. Hyperpigmentation occurs when your skin produces large amounts of melanin. You can consult an aesthetic doctor to find a reliable pigmentation removal treatment in Singapore.

It is important to note that severe discoloration can be hard to treat than a light skin darkening. To put it in simple terms, the type of discoloration may differ. While some people may notice casual dark spots in a certain part of their skin, others may have a severe discoloration. Either way, it is Hyperpigmentation.  

Melasma is triggered by sun exposure and hormonal Imbalance

Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation mostly observed in ladies with a darker skin tone. Unlike hyperpigmentation that can be caused by multiple factors; melasma occurs due to excessive skin exposure to harsh sun rays. But that’s not it. In some cases, melasma is triggered by hormonal changes such as pregnancy, hormonal therapies, and even consumption of an oral contraceptive.

What makes melasma different from hyperpigmentation is the level of severity. Melasma worsens when you expose your skin to the sun. As it is also triggered by hormonal disturbance, the treatment of this condition is slightly difficult. You can easily identify melasma spots by appearance alone. It often takes the form of blemished hyperpigmented patches on the cheeks, nose, forehead, and other parts of the face. Additionally, it can appear on any part of the skin that is often exposed to the sun.

The treatment of melasma and hyperpigmentation

As discussed above, treating melasma can be a bit more difficult as compared to the usual case of hyperpigmentation. This is because the former doesn’t react as well as the latter to certain skin whitening creams and chemicals such as Kojic acid, Azelaic acid, and OTC products.

Some doctors may recommend laser for hyperpigmentation. But it is really only necessary if the condition has reached a severe level. Usually, hyperpigmentation can be reversed with chemical peels, OTC products, and other skin whitening creams. But the case is different with melasma. To get rid of melasma discoloration, your doctor may suggest sunscreen, skin whitening ingredients, or laser treatment. The treatment may vary depending on the severity of the condition.

If what bothers you isn’t discoloration of the skin, but rather sun-damaged skin or saggy skin, consider opting for HIFU treatment. Non-invasive and with no significant downtime, it not only restores sun-damaged skin but also increases collagen production—leaving you with toned, firmer and more youthful skin in the long run.

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